An Error Analysis in Recount Writing on the Use of Simple Past Tense By the Tenth Year Students at SMK PGRI 2 Tuban.

Mansur .

Abstract


Mansur. 2008. An Error Analysis in Recount Writing on the Use of Simple Past Tense By the Tenth Year Students at SMK PGRI 2 Tuban.

Key Words : Errors, Simple Past Tense, Recount Writing.

 

 

Everyone who learns a language produce errors. The errors occurring in the process of learning a foreign language should be considered as natural process. There are many purposes in studying students’ errors that could be an important feedback for learners themselves. On the other hand, analyzing students’ error, the teacher not only can detect the students’ difficulty in learning the target language, but also can determine the effectiveness of certain method in teaching.

The state of the problems are: (1) what errors on the use of simple past tense in recount writing are made by the tenth year students at SMK PGRI 2 Tuban?, (2) what are the causes of errors on the use of simple past tense in recount writing by the tenth year students at SMK PGRI 2 Tuban?, (3) what problems do the students face in writing recount text?.

The objectives of this research are: (1) to identify and classify the errors on the use of simple past tense in recount writing, (2) to find out the causes of errors in doing item of simple past tense, (3) to find out the students problems in writing recount text.

The research design that was used in this study is descriptive research. The population of this study was the tenth year students of SMK PGRI 2 Tuban which consists of 45 students who were chosen by using random sampling. In this research, the instruments used were: writing test and questionnaire.

The result of the analysis shows that: (1) the errors in recount writing made by the tenth year students of SMK PGRI 2 Tuban are 57 occurrences of all errors. In term of each type errors, the errors of misformation 27 times, errors of addition 18 times, errors of omission 6 times, and errors of misorder 6 times, (2) the writer attempts to find out the causes of errors. The causes of errors are over-generalization, ignorance of rules restrictions, and false concepts hyphothesized, (3) the students’ problems in recount writing are structure problem (88,9 %), vocabulary problem (77,8 %), composing sentences (95,6 %), recount text comprehension (37,7 %). Besides those problems, psychological factors also influence the students, such as motivation and interest.

Finally, it is hoped that the teacher would make use of those findings in their teaching learning process in order to minimize the students’ errors.

Download PDF


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.